Antibacterial tragacanth gum-based nanocomposite films carrying ascorbic acid antioxidant for bioactive food packaging
Food packaging has a pivotal share to improve protection, safety and shelf-life time of foods and bioproducts. Herein, we prepared bioactive nanocomposite films that composed of tragacanth (TG), polyvinyl alcohol, ZnO nanoparticles (NPs) and ascorbic acid (AA) using glycerol as a plasticizer and citric acid as a cross-linker for food packaging. The SEM images showed a homogenous distribution of ZnO NPs with low aggregation in nanocomposite films. The water solubility of nanocomposite films reduced from 15.65 % to 10.81 with increasing of TG and ZnO NPs contents. The incorporation of AA and ZnO NPs into nanocomposite films improved antioxidant activity from 50 % to 66 % in 95 % ethanolic solution. Also, the nanocomposite films showed good antibacterial activity against Gram-negative and ?positive bacteria. Soil degradation rate of nanocomposite films increased from 80 % to 91.46 as the wt% of TG increased. Therefore, prepared nanocomposite films could be employed as a promising candidate for food packaging applications.
» Author: Negar Janani, Ehsan Nazarzadeh Zare, Fatemeh Salimi, Pooyan Makvandi